(4 - 64 BC) The St.Paul
"Apostle" Paul, contemporary but slightly younger than the Prophet Jesus, there is no doubt spreader of Christianity most prominent. Influence in Christian theology clearly shows that the most stable, most reach far than all other Christian writers and thinkers.
Paul, also known by the call of Saul was born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia (now Turkey), several years before the arrival of the Christian era. Though a Roman citizen, he was born as a Jew, Hebrew pendalam in youth and in-depth education about Jewry, he also learned the trade and make camp. As a male teenager he went to work under the guidance Darussalam pastor Gamaliel, a famous Jewish teacher. Although Paul and Jesus in dar-essalam unison at the time, but it is very doubtful the two never met face to face.
After "passing away" of Jesus, Christians are regarded as dissidents and hence thrashing it out. At first Paul go hit, but on the way to Damascus in his eyes as if imagined Jesus spoke to him and immediately entered the Christian Paul. This is an important turning point in his personal life. If once so] clouds and artisan gebuk Christians, now he's turned into a spreader and most persistent advocate and the most influential in the interests of Christianity.
Paul spent the rest of his life to writing and deepen Christianity. and won many adherents in droves entered Christianity. During his preaching activities he traveled to and fro as often, either to Asia Minor, Greece, Syria and Palestine. Facing the Jews Paul was not exceedingly successful, even more often lead to conflict and in many peritiwa often threatened his life. Sermon face Gentiles, Paul teramatlah prominence and gained great success so often he was given the nickname "the Apostle of the Gentiles." No one can surpass the greatness of Paul in the spread of Christianity.
After completing three long trips spread religion in the eastern part of the Roman Empire, Paul returned to Darussalam. What is immoral, so until so secured, and brought to Rome to justice. History is not so clear how the ends of the court noted that, even if not it is also clear that since he was never able to leave Rome. Finally, estimated 64 AD Paul was killed near the city of Rome.
Paul influence in the development of Christianity can be measured in three ways. First, his great success in the spread of religion. Second, the writings that make up important parts of the New Testament. Third, its role in the development of Christian theology.
Of the 27 books of the New Testament, not less than 14 connected with services Paul. Although modern scientists think 4 or 5 of the 14 books were written by someone else, but no doubt that the most important Paullah personally wrote the New Testament.
The influence of Paul in Christian theology truly indescribable magnitude. His ideas include the following matters: Jesus is not only impressive but jugasuci prophet. Jesus died for our sins and suffering can redeem us. Man can not escape the sins simply by trying to execute the commands contained in the Gospels, but only by way of receiving Jesus fully. Conversely, if people accept and believe in Jesus, his sins will be forgiven. Paul also explained his doctrines concerning the particulars of sin (see Romans 5: 12:19).
Due to legal compliance alone is not enough to guarantee freedom, Paul asserted that there was no point embraced Christianity while still insisting on the matter of Jewish boundaries of what can be eaten and what is not, and it's useless if it still practices the rules of Moses or the still circumcised. How Christian leaders at that time strongly opposed Paul's opinion in this respect. And if their attitude is widespread, it is doubtful Christianity can grow so rapidly throughout the Roman Empire.
Paul was never married, although there is no way to prove it, obviously Paul was never forged a relationship with the female sex. Views on sex and women are bound by scripture, because it brings a huge influence on his attitudes behind the day. Famous proposition in this regard are listed in (I Corinthians 7: 8-9) which reads: "Kuserukan to the men who do not marry and the widows is good for them if they abide petuahku and menyontoh particulars myself., But if they can not survive , let them marry because after marriage it is still better than burned. "
Paul also had a firm stance on the status of eligible women: "Let the women learn anything in secret, and I do not feel worried if they also teach or by reasons one way or another master men, so long as the diameter of silent. problem is because Adamlah which led to Eve. "(I Timothy 2: 11-13). More assertive stance also argued in I Corinthias 11: 7-9. Indeed, the words of Paul have been so much opinion of his contemporary. That should be noted is Jesus himself never appeared with statements like that.
Paul, more than anyone else, is responsible for the transition of Christianity from a Jewish sect into a major world religion. The central idea of the sanctity of Jesus and remain mere recognition based trust is the basis of Christian thought throughout the subsequent centuries.
Later all Christian theologians, including Augustine, Aquinas, Luther and Calvin, are all influenced by the writings of Paul. So true influence of Paul to the point that many scholars believe Paul was the one who became the founder of Christianity, not Jesus. Of course, this assumption is exceedingly excessive. Either way, put the influence of Paul can not be equated with Jesus, which he is definitely much more powerful than that of any Christian thinkers also.