(563 - 483 BC) The Budha
Gautama Buddha real name Prince Siddhartha founder of Buddhism, one of the largest religions in the world. Son of the king of Kapilavastu, northeast India. border with Nepal. Siddhartha himself (surname Gautama of the Sakya clan) purportedly was born in Lumbini which now includes the territory of Nepal. Married at the age of sixteen with a cousin the same age. Raised in a luxurious palace, Prince Siddhartha not feel at home with good living careless, and is plagued by a very dissatisfaction. From the glittering palace window he peered outside and it seemed to her poor lying in the streets, do not eat late in the morning, or not being able to eat at all. Day-by-day chasing the necessities of life that never affordable like a bundle of wheat in the ass hanging in the muzzle. Tarolah it is trash. While the haves too often kehinggapan dissatisfaction, anxiety anxious, upset and moody because of disease-round haunted every time dragged him to the grave. Siddhartha thought, this situation must be changed. It must be realized the meaning of life in the real sense of the word, and not just a temporary pleasure that always overshadowed by the suffering and death.
When twenty-nine years old, shortly after his first son was born, Gautama took the decision he must leave his palace life and mengharnbakan themselves to the search for the real truth instead of gilding. Think not just think, but act. With merry way he left the palace, without bringing wives and children, without carrying any goods and possessions, and became bums with not a penny in my pocket. The first step, for a time, he was studying from wise people there at that time and after feeling quite pocketed science, he came to the conclusion the level of dissatisfaction of human problem solving.
General thought, imprisoned the path to true wisdom. On the basis of the assumption that Gautama tried to become a hermit, many years of fasting and abstinence like hell. Eventually he realized behavior torture yourself just blurs edges of mind, and lead instead of closer to the real truth. Thought had thought, he decided to eat only passable like a normal human being and stop all kinds imprisoned because the act is not only pointless, but can make a skinny body, sluggish, eyes fireflies, drowsiness, aching, even approaching Dingle.
In a quiet peaceful solitude he wrestled with the problem of human livelihood. Finally, one night, when he was sitting under a broad-leaved trees and fruit of pear shape semacarn laden seeds of all kinds, then berdatanganlah puzzle of life's problems seemed to fall on him. All night Siddhartha pondered deeply and when the sun broke across the eastern horizon he gasped and simultaneously believe that the problem is solved already complicated and he was from that time called himself Buddha "who were given the lighting."
At that time the age of thirty-five years old stomping. Rest of his life that he used forty-five years wandering throughout northern India, spreading his new philosophy in front of audiences who are willing to listen. When he died, in 483 BC, had hundreds of thousands of followers of his teachings. Although his words but still have not written the advice-petuahnya memorized by many of his followers outside the head, passed down from one generation to the next through the mouth alone.
The principal teachings of the Buddha can be summarized in terms of adherents according to what "Four virtues of truth:" First, it's basically human life is not happy; second, the causes of this unhappiness is selfless and shackled by lust; Third, the idea of self-interest and lust can be suppressed exhausted when all the lust and desire can be dispensed with, in the teachings of the Buddha called nirvana; fourth, weighing right, think right, speak right, do right, actually a living, trying really, really remember, true meditation. Can ditarnbahkan Buddhism it is open for anyone, regardless of whatever race he is, (this is what distinguishes it from Hinduism).
Some time after the death of Gautama new religion spread slowly. In the 3rd century BC, the great Indian emperor Asoka converted to power called Buddhism. Thanks to their support, the heavy streaking spread Buddhism, not only in India but also in Burma. From here agarna it spread throughout Southeast Asia, to Malaysia and Indonesia.
The wind spread the influence was not just blowing to the south but also to the north, broke into Tibet, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Not up there. He mengambah China and claimed not made with the magnitude of the effect and from there crossed over to Japan and Korea.
While in India own new religion influence began to decline around the year 500 AD after nearly extinct even in the year 1200 contrary in Chinese and Japanese, Buddhism remained as the principal religion. Similarly, in Tibet and Southeast Asia that religion had its heyday centuries.
Buddha's teachings are not written until many centuries after the death of Gautama. Therefore it is easy understandable why religion was divided into various sects. Two major branches of Buddhism are Theravada branch-influence, especially in Southeast Asia, and it was thought most Western scholars this is the closest branch of the Buddhist teachings that asli-. Another branch of Mahayana, consequential located in Tibet, China and Southeast Asia in general.
Buddha, the founder of one of the largest religions in the world, certainly worth nearly level ranks top in the list of this book. As the number of followers of Buddhism lived 200 million compared with adherents of Islam are 500 million and one billion adherents many of Christianity, itself smaller than the influence of Buddha, Muhammad or Jesus. However, a different number of adherents-if used ketat- exceedingly size can also be misleading. For example, the death or decline of Buddhism in India is not degenerate any slump but because Hinduism has absorbed many teachings and Buddhist principles into his body. In China too, a large number of residents who are no longer openly calls himself a Buddhist in the practice of everyday life is actually very influenced by the philosophy of religion.
Buddhism, far outperformed both Islam and Christianity, had a very prominent pacifist elements. View stems in this non-violent play an important role in the political history of Buddhist countries berpenganut.
Many people say if one day Jesus came back down to earth he would stare surprised to see what people are doing everything in her name, and will be anxious for the bloodshed that occurred in conflicts between different sects opinion both claim so followers. So also will happen to Buddha. He could not be gawked-nganga seen so many Buddhist sects that bertumbuhan everywhere, differ from each other even though it claims to Buddhists. Narnun, however chaotic sects that differ from each other, it is not sarnpai cause such a bloody religious war going on in the world of Christian Europe. In this context, means at least looks much Buddhism deeply internalized by adherents rather than the teachings of Jesus dalarn same connection.
Buddha and Kong Hu Cu have approximately equal influence on the world. Both live in the same time period, and the number of his followers were not much different. I put the name of the Buddha's choice earlier than Hu-Cu Kong in order relies on two considerations: first, the development of Communism in China was almost wiped out the influence of Confucius -Cu, while the future seems celahdan Buddhist influence still more than the Kong Hu Cu ; second, failure teachings Kong Hu Cu spread beyond the borders of China to show how closely link bertautnya teachings Kong Hu-Cu with an attitude and a long procedure of China era. Instead, Buddhism is no repetition or statement containing chewing previous Indian philosophy, and Buddhism spread stepping yard limit -India- country relied Gautama genuine ideas and wide range of philosophies.