1632-1723 ANTONY VAN LEEUWENHOEK
ANTONY VAN LEEUWENHOEK 1632-1723
Inventors germs Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft, the Netherlands. He comes from the middle family and almost all his life to be employed by the municipality in which the position is not so important.
Leeuwenhoek's discovery was another great result peered through the glass microscope hobby. At that time, of course, people can not just run to the store and buy a microscope, because it Leeuwenhoek made itself. He is not a professional lens polisher and have never been able to special education in the field. Even so, the expertise developed very extraordinary, far beyond the professional custom at that time.
Although the device has found the microscope before Leeuwenhoek was born, he did not use it. Instead, carefully and precisely he rubbed small lens. Leeuwenhoek microscope capable of producing power of observation which has much better than existing microscopes. One of the lenses that they have the capacity to raise about 270 times, there is even a sign that he managed to create a more perfect than that.
Leeuwenhoek had extreme patience and a keen observer, had a sharp vision and curiosity infinite. With lenses are so small that he examined various objects, from hair to dog sperm, from raindrops to small insects. Also fibers, the skin and various other objects. He made meticulous notes and making detailed sketches of each what he observes.
Commencing in 1673 and onward, Leeuwenhoek always in a relationship with "The Royal Society of England" a leading scientific institution in that era.
Although he had no background of higher education (only primary school and only know one language, Dutch), he was elected a member of the scientific institution in 1680. He was also a member of the Academy of Sciences in Paris.
Leeuwenhoek twice married, had six children but no grandchildren. Good health, they can work hard in the end-end. Visited many famous figures, including the Russian Czar Peter the Great, and the Queen of England. She's final breath also in Delft in 1723 at the age of 90 years.
Leeuwenhoek perform many important discoveries. He was the first to describe the spermatozoa (1677), and is one of the first outlines of red blood and white blood. He opposed the theory of spontaneous generation of simple shapes darikehidupan and exposes a lot of evidence to the contrary. He was able to show, for example, that small animals wingless blood eaters breed in a manner similar to winged insects.
Ultimate discovery emerged in 1674 when he made the first studies to germs. This is one of the great inventions of semen which resulted in the enrichment of human history. At the point that little water Leeuwenhock find an entirely new world, completely unpredictable world, full of life. Although not yet realized, this new world has very important significance to mankind. Indeed, "very small microscopic objects" that are observed is often an important factor both for the power of life and death of a man. Once it has been examined, could Leeuwenhoek discovered bacteria in various different places: in the well and in the puddles, in the rain, in the mouth and intestines to the human anus. He described the various forms of bacteria, protozoa and also calculate size.
The use of a great invention Leeuwenhoek did not start until the arrival of the Pasteur nearly two centuries later. The fact is, the whole object of microbiological problems practically no activity until the 19th century when an enhanced microscope developed. One might question the Leeuwenhock suppose never born into the world and its findings did not occur until the 19th century, may have made little difference to the progress of science. However, there is no denial that Leeuwenhoek who discovered bacteria, and through him the world of science became aware of his presence.
Leeuwenhoek is often regarded as a lucky person who happened to slip on important scientific discoveries. It is far from the truth. The discovery of micro-organisms it is a normal result of the fabrication microscope careful with unparalleled quality with the existing time and patience and accuracy as a researcher. In other words, the findings are the result of a combination of skill and hard work, the opposite and has nothing to do with a fortune.
The discovery of these bacteria is an important scientific discoveries made by individual rare. Leeuwenhoek really work alone. The discovery of protozoa and bacteria can not help anyone-not the case in most of the progress in the field of biology - and instead of a natural growth of prior biological knowledge. This factor, along with the importance of the use of his invention, which makes it a high place in the order of this blog list.