>

Elisabeth of Austria, known as Sissi, Empress from 1854 to 1898

To maintain her certain beauty, Elisabeth follows a drastic diet, accompanied by multiple sports activities, such as horse riding or gymnastics, which she practices thanks to the equipment she has installed in her apartments. Sissi has other passions such as poetry and travel.
Elisabeth of Austria, known as Sissi, Empress from 1854 to 1898
Sissi imperatrice. The childhood of Sissi. Elisabeth of Austria , better known under the nickname of Sissi, was born on December 24, 1837 in Munich and died murdered on September 10, 1898 in Geneva. Sissi is the daughter of Maximilian von Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria, and Ludovica (or Louise) of Bavaria, daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria. Sissi, born with a tooth (like Napoleon!), Is named Elizabeth, in honor of Ludovica's sister, Queen Elizabeth of Prussia. Elisabeth spends her childhood with her parents who do not love each other, and whom everything opposes. His father, "Max", is good-natured, eccentric and traveler, while his mother did not appreciate being married to a younger brother of the Bavarian family. Sissi, however, will have nine brothers and sisters who will get along perfectly, seven of whom will reach adulthood. Sissi spent her childhood, happy, between the palace of Ludwigsstrasse in Munich and the castle of Possenhofen, located on the banks of Lake Starnberg, about twenty kilometers from the Bavarian capital.

At the height of the revolutionary period, in 1848, Ludovica and her daughters visited the Austrian imperial family, who had taken refuge in Innsbruck: it was the first meeting between Sissi (and her sister Hélène) and her cousin François-Joseph, her future husband. Sissi has a first idyll with Richard, who serves in the regiment of Duke Max. However, the remoteness of Richard causes deep sorrow in Sissi. Richard dies soon after; Sissi enters a depression, which will not leave her anymore.

Sissi, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary
Upon the accession to the throne of Francis Joseph, his mother, Archduchess Sophie, works to find him a wife: she thinks of Helen, sister of Sissi. Thus, a meeting is organized on August 16, 1853 in Ischl; Sissi accompanies his sister. The next day, Francois-Joseph announces to his mother that he will not marry Helen, as it was originally planned, but his sister Sissi. On April 24, 1854, the marriage of Elizabeth and Franz Joseph was celebrated in the Augustinian Church in Vienna. Sissi becomes empress. She has great difficulty adapting to the very strict protocol of the Vienna court, where no place is left to private life. She quickly gave three children to the monarchy (Marie-Valérie will be born in 1868): Sophie, born in 1855, Gisèle, born in 1856 and Rodolphe, born in 1858, who will be brought up by her mother-in-law, whom Sissi could not visit without Sophie's presence. His daughter Sophie died in 1857, at the age of two, which causes much grief and accentuates Elizabeth's depression. During the winter of 1860-1861, Elizabeth went to Madeira to cure her illness on the one hand, and to move away from the court of Vienna on the other. Just back in Vienna, she left for a cruise in the Mediterranean, then spent four months in Corfu. Elisabeth participates actively in the Austro-Hungarian compromise of 1867, by which is created the double-monarchy: Austria-Hungary. Indeed, Sissi is particularly fond of Hungary, where she becomes very popular. She will have a great friendship with Count Gyula Andrassy, ​​who was Prime Minister of the Hungarian Kingdom.

To maintain her certain beauty, Elisabeth follows a drastic diet, accompanied by multiple sports activities, such as horse riding or gymnastics, which she practices thanks to the equipment she has installed in her apartments. Sissi has other passions such as poetry and travel.

In 1889, her son Rodolphe was found dead (perhaps by suicide) at the Mayerling hunting lodge, in the company of his lover, Marie Vetsera. Rodolphe rests in the crypt of the Capuchins in Vienna. From this tragic event, Sissi plunges into melancholy and a great depression. On September 10, 1898, in Geneva, when she had just left the Beau-Rivage hotel where she was staying to board a boat, she was murdered by Luigi Luccheni, who had originally come to Geneva to kill the Duke of Orleans. Stunned, Sissi still wants to take the boat, not completely realizing what had happened to him. However, she is brought back to her apartment, where she succumbs to her injuries. It also rests in the crypt of the Capuchins. The films of Ernst Marischka, in which plays Romy Schneider, have strongly contributed to make known Sissi.

Marriage and descent:
On April 24, 1854, Sissi married Franz Joseph in the Augustinian Church in Vienna. Franz Joseph is the son of Franz Charles of Austria, brother of Emperor Ferdinand I, and Sophie of Bavaria, sister of Ludovica and aunt of Sissi. Sissi and François-Joseph have four children:

- Sophie (1855-1857) 
- Gisèle (1856-1932), wife of Prince Léopol of Bavaria, brother of King Louis III of Bavaria, with whom she had four children 
- Rodolphe (1858-1889), husband of Stephanie of Belgium, with whom he had a daughter 
- Marie-Valérie (1868-1924), wife of François-Salvator of Habsbourg-Toscane, with whom she had ten children
4) The contemporaries of Sissi:
- Louis-Philippe I, king of France from 1830 to 1848 
- Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, president of the French Republic from 1848 to 1852, then emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870 
- Adolphe Thiers, president of the French Republic from 1871 to 1873 
- Mac-Mahon, President of the French Republic from 1873 to 1879 
- Jules Grévy, President of the French Republic from 1879 to 1887 
- Sadi Carnot, President of the French Republic from 1887 to 1894 
- Casimir Perier, President of the French Republic of 1894 to 1895 
- Felix Faure, President of the French Republic from 1895 to 1899 
- Ferdinand I of Austria, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary (under the name of Ferdinand V) and King of Bohemia (under the name of Ferdinand V) from 1835 to 1848
- Francis Joseph I of Austria, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and King of Bohemia from 1848 to 1916 
- William IV, King of the United Kingdom from 1830 to 1837 
- Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom from 1837 to 1901 
- Nicholas I, Russian Tsar from 1825 to 1855 
- Alexander II, Russian Tsar from 1855 to 1881 
- Alexander III, Russian Tsar from 1881 to 1894 
- Nicholas II, Russian Tsar from 1894 to 1917 
- William I, Great Duke of Luxembourg from 1815 to 1840 
- William II, Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1840 to 1849 
- William III, Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1849 to 1890 
- Adolphe I, Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1890 to 1905 
- Andrew Jackson, President of the United States from 1829 to 1837
- Martin Van Buren, President of the United States from 1837 to 1841 
- William Henry Harrison, President of the United States in 1841 
- John Tyler, President of the United States from 1841 to 1845 
- James Polk, President of the United States of 1845 to 1849 
- Zachary Taylor, President of the United States from 1849 to 1850 
- Millard Fillmore, President of the United States from 1850 to 1853 
- Franklin Pierce, President of the United States from 1853 to 1857 
- James Buchanan, President of the United States from 1857 to 1861 
- Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States from 1861 to 1865 
- Andrew Johnson, President of the United States from 1865 to 1869 
- Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States from 1869 to 1877 
- Rutherford B. Hayes President of the United States from 1877 to 1881
- James Garfield, President of the United States in 1881 
- Chester Arthur, President of the United States from 1881 to 1885 
- Grover Cleveland, President of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and from 1893 to 1897 
- Benjamin Harrison, President of the United States United from 1889 to 1893 
- William McKinley, President of the United States from 1897 to 1901 
- Isabella II, Queen of Spain from 1833 to 1868 
- General Francisco Serrano y Dominguez, from 1868 to 1870, during the Regency period 
- Amedee 1st, king of Spain from 1870 to 1873 
- Alfonso XII, king of Spain from 1874 to 1885 
- Alfonso XIII, king of Spain from 1886 to 1931 
- Leopold I, king of the Belgians from 1831 to 1865 
- Leopold II, king Belgians from 1865 to 1909
- Charles XIV John, king of Sweden from 1818 to 1844 
- Oscar I, king of Sweden from 1844 to 1859 
- Charles XV, king of Sweden from 1859 to 1872 
- Oscar II, king of Sweden from 1872 to 1907 
- Otho I, king of Greece from 1832 to 1862 
- George I, King of Greece from 1863 to 1913 
- Mary II, Queen of Portugal from 1834 to 1853 
- Ferdinand II, King of Portugal from 1837 to 1853 
- Peter V, King of Portugal from 1853 to 1861 
- Louis I, King of Portugal from 1861 to 1889 
- Charles I, King of Portugal from 1889 to 1908 
- Honoré V, Prince of Monaco from 1819 to 1841 
- Florestan I, Prince of Monaco from 1841 to 1856 
- Charles III, Prince of Monaco from 1856 to 1889
- Albert I, Prince of Monaco from 1889 to 1922 
- Alois II, Prince of Liechtenstein from 1836 to 1858 
- John II, Prince of Liechtenstein from 1858 to 1929 
- Gregory XVI (Mauro Capellari), Pope from 1831 to 1846 
- Pius IX ( Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti), pope from 1846 to 1878 
- Leo XIII (Giocchiano Pecci), pope from 1878 to 1903